Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2006) 14, 127—.132
The Influence of 10 min of the Johrei healing method on laboratory stress
실험실 스트레스에 대한 10분 조레이의 영향
Tannis M. Laidlaw∗., Akira Naito, Prabudha Dwivedi,
Navjyot K. Hansi, Don C. Henderson, John H. Gruzelier
Imperial College London, Division of Neuroscience and Psychological Medicine, St. Dunstan’s Road, London W6 8RF, UK
영국 왕립대학, 신경과학 및 정신의학학과.
Design: In a randomised, blinded, counter-balanced design, 33 medical students were asked to calculate mental arithmetic in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT), which served as an acute stressor prior to two conditions, 10 min of Johrei or a control resting condition involving10 min without Johrei in a cross-over trial; after each, saliva was collected and mood tested.
설정: 33명의 의대생을 대상으로 무작위로 눈을가리고 평형이 유지된 상태에서 신경심리검사인 PASAT를 치르도록 하였다. 이 시험은 정확한 스트레스요인을 측정할 수 있는 시험으로, 시험 전 10분동안 조레이한 경우과 조레이를 하지 않고 휴식을 취한 집단으로 구분하여 실험하였다. 시험 이후 타액을 채취하여 감정상태를 측정하였다.
Setting: University EEG laboratory.
Intervention: Johrei, a non-touch healing method.
Main outcome measures: Profile of mood states (POMS-Bi); state anxiety (STAI); salivary variables: cortisol, DHEA, IgA.
Results: Mood scores on 5/6 of the POMS-Bi subscales were slightly but significantly more positive in the Johrei condition. State anxiety was similarly decreased. IgA levels were unchanged but cortisol levels were found to be slightly but non-significantly lower after Johrei than after the control condition and DHEA levels slightly but nonsignificantly raised, with a negative correlation between cortisol and DHEA levels.
결과: 시험 전 조레이 받은 집단의 감정 점수가 약간 더 긍정적이었다. 불안한 상태의 정도는 상당히 감소하였다.
Conclusions: This study gives some indication that Johrei can reduce negative mood and increase positive mood states after the acute effects of a laboratory stressor in comparison to a resting control condition.
결론: 이 연구는 조레이가 부정적인 감정을 줄이고 긍정적인 감정상태를 증가시킴을 보여준다.
ⓒ 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
THE JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE
Volume 11, Number 3, 2005, pp. 455–57
ⓒ Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Positive Well-Being Changes Associated with Giving and Receiving Johrei Healing
조레이를 주고받음에 따른 긍정적인 변화
KATIE REECE, B.A., GARY E. SCHWARTZ, Ph.D., AUDREY J. BROOKS, Ph.D., and GERALDINE NANGLE, B.A.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of giving and receiving Johrei, a spiritual energy healing practice, on measures of well-being.
목적: 이 연구의 목적은 건강함(well-being)의 측정방법으로 영적 에너지 치유 행위인 조레이의 주고 받음에 따른 영향을 시험하기 위한 것이다.
Methods: Participants (N 236) rated 21 items pertaining to feelings plus an overall well-being measure, before and after a Johrei session.
방법: 참가자들은 조레이 전후에 전반적인 건강 측정방법 외에 감정과 관련된 21가지 항목을 측정했다.
Results: Receivers experienced a significantly greater decrease in negative emotional state than givers; however, givers and receivers experienced a comparable increase in positive emotional state and overall well-being.
결과: 조레이를 받은 사람은 조레이를 하는 사람보다 부정적인 감정 상태에 있어 상당히 큰 감소를 경험하였다. 반면에, 긍정적인 감정 상태와 전반적인 건강함(well-being)에 관해서는 양쪽모두 상당한 진전을 경험했다.
Conclusions: The practice of Johrei and other energy and spiritual healing techniques, may have positive health effects for givers as well as receivers. Future research examining different energy and spiritual healing practices (for example, Reiki and Therapeutic Touch) and using various control groups (for example, treatmentnaive subjects instructed to “send loving energy”) can explore the generality and mechanisms underlying these apparently robust effects.
결론: 조레이 및 다른 에너지와 영적 치료 방법의 시행은 주고 받는 사람 모두의 건강에 있어서 긍정적 효과를 갖는 것 같다.
The Effect of Johrei Healing on Substance Abuse Recovery: A Pilot Study
약물 중독 치유에 대한 조레이의 효과
AUDREY J. BROOKS, Ph.D.,1,2 GARY E. SCHWARTZ, Ph.D.,1,2,3 KATIE REECE, B.A.,4 and REV. GERRY NANGLE, B.A.4
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of Johrei healing, a form of energy healing, on substance use and psychologic symptoms in a sample of clients receiving substance abuse treatment.
목적: 이 연구의 목적은 약물 중독 치료를 받고 있는 환자들을 대상으로 약물의 사용과 심리적 증후에 대하여 에너지 치료의 한 형태인 조레이의 효과를 증명하기 위한 것이다.
Methods: Twenty-one (21) persons in residential substance-abuse treatment participated in a randomized, wait-list control pilot study of Johrei healing. Twelve (12) of the participants received three 20-minute Johrei sessions for 5 weeks in addition to their regular treatment.
방법: 가정에서 약물 남용 치료를 받고있는 21명이 조레이 치료에 참여했다. 참가자중 12명은 일반적인 치료와 함께 5주 동안 20분 조레이 3회를 받았다.
Results: The results are from the first treatment wave. Individual healing sessions were evaluated pre–ost with the Johrei Experience Scale. Participants showed significant decreases in stress/depression and physical pain and increases in positive emotional/spiritual state, energy, and overall well-being after an individual Johrei healing session. The Global Assessment of Individual Need (GAIN), Profile of Mood States (POMS), General Alcoholics Anonymous Tools of Recovery, and 12-Step Participation scales were administered before and after the 5-week intervention to assess change in substance use, psychologic distress, mood, and 12-Step participation. Improvements in depression and trauma symptoms, externalizing behaviors (GAIN), and vigor (POMS) were found for the treatment group. Despite comparable 12-Step attendance the treatment group showed greater improvement than the wait-list control group in the use of 12-Step recovery tools. No difference in substance use was found between the two groups.
결과: 개별적인 조레이 후에 참가자들의 스트레스, 우울한 감정 및 신체의 통증은 줄고, 감정적, 영적 상태, 에너지 그리고 전반적 well-being은 상당히 좋아졌다.
Conclusions: Variables related to substance use and relapse showed improvement in the treatment group suggesting that Johrei healing shows promise and should be studied with a larger sample, over a longer treatment period, with sham controls.
조레이 시술은 치료 집단 에서 약물치료와 재발과 관련된 여러 변수들의 개선점을 보여주었고, 따라서 더 다양한 사례에 대해 장기적으로 연구되어야 할 중요한 가치가 있다.
Brain Research Bulletin 62 (2003) 241–53
The impact of self-hypnosis and Johrei on lymphocyte
subpopulations at exam time: a controlled study
시험 시간에 림프구 subpopulations에 대한 자기 최면과 조레이의 영향: 대조 연구
Akira Naito a,b,∗, Tannis M. Laidlawa, Don C. Henderson b,
Linda Farahani a, Prabudha Dwivedi a, John H. Gruzelier a
a Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Behaviour, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, St Dunstan’ Road, London W6 8RF, UK
b Department of Immunology, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Campus, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK
Received 9 June 2003; received in revised form 26 September 2003; accepted 26 September 2003
In a prospective randomised controlled trial, 48 students were randomly assigned to stress reduction training before exams with self-hypnosis, Johrei or a mock neurofeedback relaxation control. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and self-reported stress (Perceived Stress Scale) were measured before training and 1– months later as exams approached. Absolute number and percentages of CD3+CD4+ and
CD3+CD8+ T lymphocytes, CD3−CD56+ Natural Killer cells (NK cells) and NK cell cytotoxic activity was measured from venous blood. Stressed participants showed small but significant declines in both CD3−CD56+ NK cell percentages and NK cell cytotoxic activity levels while CD3+CD4+ T cell percentages increased, changes supported by correlations with perceived stress. The effects of stress were moderated in those who learned Johrei at exam time; 11/12 showed increases in CD3−CD56+ NK cell percentages with decreased percentages of CD3+CD4+ T cells, effects not seen in the relaxation control group. Stress was also buffered in those who learned and practised self-hypnosis in whom CD3−CD56+ NK cell and CD3+CD4+ T cell levels were maintained, and whose CD3+CD8+ T cell percentages, shown previously to decline with exams, increased. The results compliment beneficial effects on mood of self-hypnosis and Johrei. The results are in keeping with beneficial influences of self-hypnosis and provide the first evidence of the suggestive value of the Japanese Johrei procedure for stress reduction, which clearly warrants further investigation.
© 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Stress; Hypnosis; Visualisation; Healing; Lymphocytes; Natural Killer cell (NK cell)
Exploring the Possible Effects of Johrei techniques on the Behavior of Random Physical Systems
임의의 신체 시스템의 반응에 대한 조레의 가능한 영향 기법 탐색
Technical Notes PEAR 2006.01
Robert G. Jahn, Brenda J. Dunne, and York Dobyns Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research School of Engineering and Applied Science, Princeton University
Time-Lapse Analysis Of Potential Cellular Responsiveness To Johrei, A Japanese Healing Technique
조레이에 대한 잠재적인 세포 응답의 시간 경과 분석
Ryan Taft1 , Dan Moore1,2 and Garret Yount1
1 Research Institute, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, USA
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, USA
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2005, 5:2doi:10.1186/1472-6882-5-2
Published:24 January 2005
Johrei is an alternative healing practice which involves the channeling of a purported universal healing energy to influence the health of another person. Despite little evidence to support the efficacy of such practices the use of such treatments is on the rise.
배경: 조레이는 다른이의 건강에 영향을 주는 우주 치유 에너지라는 것을 포함한 대체 치료법이다. 이 행위의 효과를 입증하는 증거가 충분하지 않음에도 불구하고 조레이의 시행은 증가하고 있다.